Wemos V1.0 Motor Shield

Motor - Wemos / Lolin Motorshield NORMAL


If you are using the Lolin V2.0 Motor Shield board then please go to: Lolin V2.0 Motor Shield


Wemos V1.0 Motor Shield

The Wemos V1.0 Motor Shield is used to control small DC brushed motors. It can also be used with other resistive or inductive loads. Such as low voltage light bulbs, LED strip lights, solenoids, etc. The attached load must be able to tolerate polarity reversal.

The Motor Shield connects to the i2c bus (default address is 0x30). It has a TB6612FNG driver chip that can control two DC motors that draw 1.2A or less. Motor supply voltage can range from 2.5VDC to 15.0VDC. There is also a STM32F030 microcontroller onboard that handles the i2c communication for command processing.

Firmware Upgrade

Piotr Bugalski has re-written the firmware for the Wemos V1.0 Motor Shield. It is published at https://github.com/pbugalski/wemos_motor_shield. Details to Piotr’s firmware redesign can be found on the project page

The factory installed firmware has reliability issues, such as hard lockup (hang) of the I2C bus. When this occurs all I2c communication is lost. A power cycle is required to restore operation!

The new firmware is backwards compatible. Despite the extra work to reflash the Shield’s firmware, the improvements make it an essential upgrade. But If you prefer less work then use the Lolin V2.0 Motor Shield instead. Details are found here: Lolin V2.0 Motor Shield

In order to flash the firmware the module must be connected to a 3.3V compatible USB2TTL adapter. The reflashing must be done before connecting the Shield to your ESPEasy device.

Preparations to flash:

Four USB2TTL connections must be made to the Shield. A temporary jumper is installed too. As follows:

  • Jumper the RTS (not the RST!) to the 3V pin on the Shield, like this

  • Connect the main pins of the Shield to your USB2TTL as follows:

    • GND ↔ GND

    • 3V3 ↔ 3V3 (or VCC or whatever it is called on your USB2TTL)

    • D2 ↔ TX

    • D1 ↔ RX

USB2TTL Wire Connections for Flashing Shield

Download and Flash:

The firmware (bin file) and STMF32 flashing tool are available online. Just follow these steps:

Those of you who want to do this using Windows 8/10:

Using the Windows Command Prompt, cd to the stm32flash working directory. Flash the bin file using the following commands:

  1. stm32flash.exe COM9 replace COM9 with your COM port number

  2. stm32flash.exe -k COM9 This will unlock your Shield

  3. stm32flash.exe -f -v -w motor_shield.bin COM9 This will flash the bin and re-lock the Shield.

  4. Remove the jumper wire across the RTS and 3V pins that was installed earlier.

Command Line Flashing

Solder Jumpers

The Wemos V1.0 Motor Shield has PCB jumper pads that must be bridged with solder. Please consult the photo below.

Solder Bridges

Hardware Installation

The Shield is designed to plug directly onto a Wemos D1 mini (ESP8266). D1 mini details are found HERE

However, it can be installed on other ESP8266 variant devices using hard wire connections. The image below provides typical wiring details (NodeMCU board shown for reference).

Motor Shield Wiring Diagram

ESPEasy Plugin Installation

Follow these steps to configure a new Motor Shield.

  1. Use your favorite web browser and connect to your ESPEasy device.

  2. Go to the Devices Tab and pick an empty task.

  3. Choose the task Add button and select the Motor - Wemos/Lolin Motorshield entry.

  4. Configure the Motor Shield (use i2c address 0x30), as shown in the image below:

  5. Click the submit button.

Task Configuration Task Configuration

Motor Shield Testing

The I2C scan function (found on ESPEasy’s Tools page) can be used to confirm the board is seen by the bus. If the scan does not find address 0x30 then recheck your wiring. The image below shows a successful Motor Shield I2C Scan:

I2C Scan

Practical testing can be performed by controlling the Motor Shield from ESPEasy’s Command function. For example, to control Motor-A, go to the ‘Tools’ page and submit each of these commands using the Command box:



Commands are case insensitive.

Motor Shield Actions

Motor control actions can be executed using ESPEasy rules. They can also be sent remotely using HTTP and MQTT.

Please be aware that Motor Shield communication is one-way. So it’s not possible to directly read motor status from the ESPEasy plugin.

Rules Examples

The Event rule examples shown below provide basic control to DoorOpen, DoorClose, and DoorStop. A pair of switches (requires two Switch input - Switch plugins) are used to limit up/down motor travel.

// Events
on DoorOpen do

on DoorClose do

on DoorStop do

// Timer for all day open door at time if not open
on Clock#Time=All,07:00 do
  if [Limit1#Switch]!=1

// Timer for all day close door at time if not closed
on Clock#Time=All,22:00 do
  if [Limit2#Switch]!=1

HTTP Examples

Turn on DC Motor-A, Direction: Forward, Speed: 99
http://<ESP IP address>/control?cmd=WemosMotorShieldCMD,0,Forward,99
Stopping DC Motor-A:
http://<ESP IP address>/control?cmd=WemosMotorShieldCMD,0,Stop

Motor Shield Command Summary

Command Syntax

Extra information

The WemosMotorShieldCMD and LolinMotorShieldCMD command keywords are interchangeable.
The LolinMotorShieldCMD command keyword is available on mega-20200929 and later releases.
All commands are case insensitive.


HTTP Examples


0 Motor A

1 Motor B


Forward Turn on DC Motor, Direction Forward

Backward Turn on DC Motor, Direction Backward

Stop Turn off DC Motor, no Brake

Brake Turn off DC Motor, apply Brake (short commutator)

Standby Turn off DC Motor and set MotorShield to low power mode


0-100 (Motor PWM Duty, 0% to 100%)

Brake and Standby actions are available on mega-20200929 and later releases.

Turn on DC Motor-A, Direction: Forward, Speed: 99

http://<ESP IP address>/control?cmd=WemosMotorShieldCMD,0,Forward,99

Stopping DC Motor-A:

http://<ESP IP address>/control?cmd=WemosMotorShieldCMD,0,Stop

Local Command Testing:

Motor tests can be performed using the Command entry box found on ESPEasy device’s Tools page. For example: