Wemos V1.0 Motor Shield¶
Motor - Wemos / Lolin Motorshield NORMAL
If you are using the Lolin V2.0 Motor Shield board then please go to: Lolin V2.0 Motor Shield
The Wemos V1.0 Motor Shield is used to control small DC brushed motors. It can also be used with other resistive or inductive loads. Such as low voltage light bulbs, LED strip lights, solenoids, etc. The attached load must be able to tolerate polarity reversal.
The Motor Shield connects to the i2c bus (default address is 0x30). It has a TB6612FNG driver chip that can control two DC motors that draw 1.2A or less. Motor supply voltage can range from 2.5VDC to 15.0VDC. There is also a STM32F030 microcontroller onboard that handles the i2c communication for command processing.
Piotr Bugalski has re-written the firmware for the Wemos V1.0 Motor Shield. It is published at https://github.com/pbugalski/wemos_motor_shield. Details to Piotr’s firmware redesign can be found on the project page
The factory installed firmware has reliability issues, such as hard lockup (hang) of the I2C bus. When this occurs all I2c communication is lost. A power cycle is required to restore operation!
The new firmware is backwards compatible. Despite the extra work to reflash the Shield’s firmware, the improvements make it an essential upgrade. But If you prefer less work then use the Lolin V2.0 Motor Shield instead. Details are found here: Lolin V2.0 Motor Shield
In order to flash the firmware the module must be connected to a 3.3V compatible USB2TTL adapter. The reflashing must be done before connecting the Shield to your ESPEasy device.
Preparations to flash:¶
Four USB2TTL connections must be made to the Shield. A temporary jumper is installed too. As follows:
Jumper the RTS (not the RST!) to the 3V pin on the Shield, like this
Connect the main pins of the Shield to your USB2TTL as follows:
GND ↔ GND
3V3 ↔ 3V3 (or VCC or whatever it is called on your USB2TTL)
D2 ↔ TX
D1 ↔ RX
Download and Flash:¶
The firmware (bin file) and STMF32 flashing tool are available online. Just follow these steps:
Extract and put the above files into a working directory
Plug in your USB serial device and make a note of the COM port it uses
Those of you who want to do this using Windows 8/10:
Using the Windows Command Prompt, cd to the stm32flash working directory. Flash the bin file using the following commands:
stm32flash.exe COM9replace COM9 with your COM port number
stm32flash.exe -k COM9This will unlock your Shield
stm32flash.exe -f -v -w motor_shield.bin COM9This will flash the bin and re-lock the Shield.
Remove the jumper wire across the RTS and 3V pins that was installed earlier.
The Wemos V1.0 Motor Shield has PCB jumper pads that must be bridged with solder. Please consult the photo below.
The Shield is designed to plug directly onto a Wemos D1 mini (ESP8266). D1 mini details are found HERE
However, it can be installed on other ESP8266 variant devices using hard wire connections. The image below provides typical wiring details (NodeMCU board shown for reference).
ESPEasy Plugin Installation¶
Follow these steps to configure a new Motor Shield.
Use your favorite web browser and connect to your ESPEasy device.
Go to the Devices Tab and pick an empty task.
Choose the task Add button and select the Motor - Wemos/Lolin Motorshield entry.
Configure the Motor Shield (use i2c address 0x30), as shown in the image below:
Click the submit button.
Motor Shield Testing¶
The I2C scan function (found on ESPEasy’s Tools page) can be used to confirm the board is seen by the bus. If the scan does not find address 0x30 then recheck your wiring. The image below shows a successful Motor Shield I2C Scan:
Practical testing can be performed by controlling the Motor Shield from ESPEasy’s Command function. For example, to control Motor-A, go to the ‘Tools’ page and submit each of these commands using the Command box:
WemosMotorShieldCMD,0,Forward,99 WemosMotorShieldCMD,0,Stop WemosMotorShieldCMD,0,Backward,50 WemosMotorShieldCMD,0,Standby WemosMotorShieldCMD,0,Forward,45 WemosMotorShieldCMD,0,Brake
Commands are case insensitive.
Motor Shield Actions¶
Motor control actions can be executed using ESPEasy rules. They can also be sent remotely using HTTP and MQTT.
Please be aware that Motor Shield communication is one-way. So it’s not possible to directly read motor status from the ESPEasy plugin.
The Event rule examples shown below provide basic control to DoorOpen, DoorClose, and DoorStop. A pair of switches (requires two Switch input - Switch plugins) are used to limit up/down motor travel.
// Events on DoorOpen do WemosMotorShieldCMD,0,Backward,30 endon on DoorClose do WemosMotorShieldCMD,0,Forward,30 endon on DoorStop do WemosMotorShieldCMD,0,Stop endon // Timer for all day open door at time if not open on Clock#Time=All,07:00 do if [Limit1#Switch]!=1 event,DoorOpen else event,DoorStop endif endon // Timer for all day close door at time if not closed on Clock#Time=All,22:00 do if [Limit2#Switch]!=1 event,DoorClose else event,DoorStop endif endon
http://<ESP IP address>/control?cmd=WemosMotorShieldCMD,0,Forward,99
http://<ESP IP address>/control?cmd=WemosMotorShieldCMD,0,Stop
Motor Shield Command Summary¶
The WemosMotorShieldCMD and LolinMotorShieldCMD command keywords are interchangeable.
The LolinMotorShieldCMD command keyword is available on mega-20200929 and later releases.
All commands are case insensitive.
0-100 (Motor PWM Duty, 0% to 100%)
Brake and Standby actions are available on mega-20200929 and later releases.
Turn on DC Motor-A, Direction: Forward, Speed: 99
Stopping DC Motor-A:
Local Command Testing:
Motor tests can be performed using the Command entry box found on ESPEasy device’s Tools page. For example: